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Assemble a Basic Tool Kit

Here's how to put together a set of basic hand and power tools that will allow you to handle almost any home repair.

Before You Shop for Tools

  • Be realistic about your long-term DIY goals. If you'll only use a hammer to hang pictures, you don't need to spend extra on a professional-grade model. On the other hand, if you see yourself building a deck or framing a wall in the years ahead, consider purchasing a high-quality model.
  • Basic tools often receive the most wear. Buy the best quality you can afford for the jobs you'll do. You don't want to put a project on hold while you replace an undersized or broken tool.
  • There's no such thing as a too-big tool box. You'll fill it up eventually.

Here's an assortment of tools that will see you through simple projects, such as hanging window coverings or filling nail holes in drywall.

Good to Know

Look for household tool sets that contain a variety of the most commonly needed tools. One of these sets can simplify beginning or completing your basic tool kit.



If storage is tight, buy a screwdriver with interchangeable tips. Otherwise, opt for a set of separate screwdrivers in sizes you'll use most: three sizes of slotted-screw drivers and three Phillips-head screwdrivers in #1, #2, and #3 sizes. 

Watch our DIY Basics video: Which Screwdriver Should I Use?

Shop for Screwdrivers



A 16-ounce claw-style hammer will handle most jobs around the house. The more you use one, the more you'll appreciate a cushioned grip.

Watch our DIY Basics video: Which Hammer Should I Use?

Shop for Hammers

Tape Measure

Measuring Tape.

Buy a 25-foot model with a blade lock. The blade should be at least 1 inch wide to keep it from collapsing when extended beyond a few feet.

Watch our DIY Basics video: How Do I Use a Tape Measure?

Shop for Tape Measures



Two must-have models: 8 inch needle-nose pliers and 10 inch groove-joint pliers Groove-joint pliers are particularly useful for plumbing projects because of their wide-opening jaws. Your hands will thank you for getting pliers with padded grips.

Also, a pair of locking pliers works almost like a portable vise, letting you focus more strength on turning jammed screws or pulling out bent nails.

Shop for Pliers

Utility Knife and Blades

Utility Knife.

A basic model with a retracting blade will work. Options include non-slip handles and tool-free blade changes. Buy a supply of replacement blades and avoid using a dull blade.

Shop for Utility Knives

Adjustable Wrenches

Adjustable Wrenches.

You’ll find a use for these even if you eventually add a set of combination wrenches or a socket set to your tool box. Buying added quality in these tools will yield jaws less likely to slip and damage your fasteners.

Shop for Adjustable Wrenches


Torpedo Level.

A 9-inch torpedo level comes in handy for leveling everything from pictures to a new clothes dryer. Before you drop one in your cart, double-check the bubble accuracy by centering it on one of the professional-quality 3-foot or 4-foot box-beam levels in the store.

Watch our DIY basics video: What Do Level and Plumb Mean?

Shop for Levels

Stiff-Bladed Putty Knife

2-Inch Putty Knife.

A model with a 2-inch-wide blade can handle everything from applying wall patching compound to scraping away loose paint.

Shop for Putty Knives

Straight Edge

3-Foot Straight Edge.

Start with a 3-foot version and add longer ones as your projects require. The wider the body, the less it will flex during use.

Shop for Straight Edges



Whether you're setting up tools or marking lines to cut, you'll need an accurate square. Popular types include the combination square and the speed square (image to the right). Check the accuracy before leaving the store using the tips below.

Watch our DIY Basics video: How Do I Use a Combination Square?

Shop for Squares

Good to Know

Inaccurate squares lead to inaccurate work and tool adjustments. To check whether your square lives up to its name, hold it against the straight edge of a notepad or a piece of wood with a straight edge. Place the square along the long edge at its center and mark a pencil line dividing the surface in half. Then flip the square over, place the blade as close as possible to the first line, and draw another line. If the two lines aren't parallel, try another square.


Flashlight with Headband.

Any sturdy flashlight will do for starters, but you'll soon wish you had one you don't have to hold while you work. Options include flashlights that can be tilted and aimed where you need light and ones with a headband for hands-free aiming.

Shop for Flashlights

Mill File


Eventually, you'll come across some dangerously sharp metal edges that need to be dulled or dull edges that need to be sharpened (such as a lawnmower blade). A 6-inch mill file offers two flat faces. To keep them in good shape, clean them with a stiff-bristle or brass-bristle brush.

Shop for Files

Safety Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection and Breathing Protection

Safety Glasses.

Accidents do happen. To keep them from happening to you, make a habit of wearing safety gear. Even if you wear eyeglasses with impact-resistant lenses, flying debris could damage them and even find its way to your eyes. If you don't wear glasses, today's safety glasses can protect you in style. If you do wear glasses, consider a pair of goggles large enough to slip around them. As you add power tools, such as circular saws, you'll want either in-ear or muff-style hearing protection. When working in dusty conditions, a respirator provides a more comfortable way to protect your lungs than paper masks.

Shop for Jobsite Safety

Power Drill

Cordless Drill.

You can find both corded and cordless drills to fit any budget, so which should you choose? If you're thinking of dozens of projects where you'll regularly drill holes or drive fasteners, choose a cordless model between 12 volts (for small jobs) and 18 volts (for pretty much anything). If you only use a drill infrequently, pick up a corded drill and a heavy-duty extension cord. You'll get more power at a lower cost and won't have to wait for a battery to charge. A little extra money will buy you even more power and a 1/2-inch-capacity chuck — the part that expands and contracts to grip drill bits and accessories of different diameters—that handles larger bits than a 3/8-inch chuck.

Watch our DIY Basic video: How Do I Use a Power Drill?

Shop for Drills & Drivers

Circular Saw

Circular Saw.

Someday, you may add a miter saw or table saw to your workshop, but you'll always find uses for a 7-1/4-inch circular saw. Add to its versatility by equipping it with blades suited to specific projects: a 24-tooth blade for rough carpentry, a 40-tooth blade for finer cuts in hardwoods (and with less splintering), and 180-tooth blade for smooth cuts in plywood and MDF (medium density fiberboard).

Shop for Circular Saws

Saw Horses


After a few projects, you'll soon get tired of working on the ground or on a tipsy card table. A simple pair of sawhorses can provide a steady surface at a comfortable level.

Shop for Saw Horses

Combination Wrenches

Combination Wrenches.

Sets come in two types: SAE (or standard) wrenches are sized in inches (1/4 inch and 1/2 inch, for example) and metric wrenches sized in millimeters. Choose SAE wrenches if you'll be working on fasteners around the house. For automotive repairs, though, you may need a metric set (or both). By the way, they are called combination wrenches because one end is enclosed and studded with "points" that grip the corners of a bolt or nut. The other end is open and useful when you can't slip the closed end in place.

Shop for Combination Wrenches



Woodworkers have a saying: You can't be too rich or have too many clamps. Start your collection with ones sized for the types of repairs you'll do the most. A couple of 24 inch bar clamps that you can tighten with one hand will handle many medium-size projects. If most of your repairs are minor, pick up some smaller versions.

Watch our DIY Basics video: Do I Use a Clamp or Vise?

Shop for Clamps

Power Sander

Random-Oribit Sander.

Your best bet for most projects is a random-orbit sander with a 5-inch pad. For most work, you'll need sanding pads ranging from 80-grit (for coarse sanding or paint removal) to 220-grit sandpaper (for fine woodwork).

Shop for Power Sanders

Shop Vacuum

Shop Vacuum.

The more tools you own, the more sawdust you tend to make. Choose a model that can be fitted with a collection bag that traps fine dust particles — a handy feature for cleaning up after drywall repairs.

Shop for Shop Vacuums

Tools Beyond the Basics

Pry Bar.

The more you use your basic tools, the more uses you find for them. Soon, you'll need tools that do more than drive fasteners and patch walls.

  • Pry bar: Before something new can be installed, something old usually has to go. If it’s a big something, opt for a 15-inch or larger pry bar. A 7-inch bar handles smaller jobs, including removing nails.
  • Carpenter's square: (or steel square): Here's the tool to measure perpendicular lines extending out from walls, lay out notches for step supports, and check for square wall corners and wall-to-floor angles. As with any square, check it for accuracy before leaving the store.
  • Wire cutters: Many types of pliers have these built in, but they’re seldom as handy to use or durable as a set of dedicated wire cutters.
  • Stud finder: Hang a heavy mirror from fasteners driven into plain drywall and you’ll soon be shopping for a new mirror. Instead, use an electronic stud finder to locate a solid spot for your hanger hardware. Some units also help you locate hidden water pipes and electrical lines so you can avoid sinking nails or screws into them.


Shop for Tools

Tool Storage

You'll need a place to store and transport your tools. Tool cabinets and chests are an efficient way to organize your tools and accessories. Tool boxes and tool bags let you take your tools to the worksite.

Watch our DIY Basics video:

What Power Tools Do I Really Need?