The benefits of bird feeding are two-fold. It provides a welcome supplement to a bird’s diet and offers hours of great bird watching for you. Bird food comes in several forms: nectar, seed and suet. What types of birds are you hoping to attract? This will affect the type of food you select.
Ground-feeding birds like the medium-cracked corn, but beware. The kernel tends to soak up moisture so it’s prone to rot. Use a watertight hopper feeder or mix small amounts with millet on feeding tables. Small-beaked birds can’t consume coarse-cracked corn because it’s too large. Fine-cracked corn quickly turns to mush so its best to avoid altogether.
Birds That Love It: crows, doves, jays, juncos, pheasants, quail, sparrows, and towhees.
Red millet is widely popular. But white millet is the food of choice for most small-beaked ground-feeding birds.
Birds That Love it: cowbirds, doves, juncos, quail, red-winged blackbirds, sparrows and towhees
Milo, Wheat and Oats
Most birds don’t really like them. They’re often added into cheap bird seed blends. Birds discard them, which often attracts rodents.
Birds That Love It: doves, pheasants, and quail
It’s often referred to as black gold because of its hefty price tag. It’s often confused with prickly thistle, a weed that goldfinches use to line their nests.
Birds That Love It: American goldfinches, house finches, lesser goldfinches and common redpolls
The best way to serve these up is in a tube-shaped metal mesh feeder. The peanuts can be crushed or whole.
Birds That Love It: brown creepers, brown thrashers, bushtits, chickadees, jays, kinglets, northern mockingbirds, nuthatches, pine warblers, starlings, titmice, wrens, woodpeckers, and yellow-rumped warblers
Squirrels, house sparrows and starlings don’t enjoy safflower as much as sunflower seed. But there are others that do.
Birds That Love It: Cardinals, doves, grosbeaks, and sparrows
Suet and Bird Puddings (Beef Fat and Seed)
Insect-eating birds particularly like this mixture. It helps to fatten them up for cold and harsh weather. You’ll need to get a special suet feeder that is at least 5 feet off the ground so that rodents can’t get to it.
Birds That Love It: chickadees, nuthatches, titmice, woodpeckers and wrens
Hulled sunflower seed is eaten by the largest variety of birds. Large-beaked birds prefer the striped ones. Small feeders birds enjoy the black-oil seeds.
Birds That Love It: chickadees, evening grosbeaks, finches, grackles, goldfinches, jays, northern cardinals, nuthatches, pine grosbeaks, red-bellied woodpeckers, and titmice