Including moulding elements such as baseboard, casing and crown as a decor category when renovating or redecorating your home can significantly impact its overall look and feel. We’ll teach you how to choose the right moulding to suit your design, as well as the various types of moulding materials and how to select the right size for the job.
Primary trim is used in most installations. This category includes baseboards, casings, and crown mouldings. Typically, it is the most functional trim since it covers the gaps between two areas, but it can also be highly decorative, setting the style and tone of the room.
Design enhancing trim, such as chair rail, panel moulding and architraves, add extra dimension and style to any room. Walls and entry-ways with these extra touches will definitely stand out.
Decorative trim is the detailed design embossed into moulding that adds specific accents to a room. These distinct designs or patterns allow homeowners the opportunity to “dress up” a plain space while adhering to a budget. Corner blocks, plinth blocks, rosettes and other accessories are often used in conjunction with ornate mouldings.
For more help, see our Moulding Glossary.
Ask an associate at the Lowe's Millwork or Pro Service Desk for help with moulding questions.
Wall and Ceiling: (Chair Rail, Crown Moulding and Panel Moulding) Crown moulding softens the transition from wall to ceiling, while adding charm and a luxurious feel to any room. Panel moulding is ideal for creating wall frames that can be dressed up with wallpaper or fabric. The right moulding is all it takes to transform a room.
Floor: (Baseboard, Base Shoe, Base Cap) These moulding elements are essential for covering gaps between floor boards or carpeted edges and adjoining walls. A great baseboard and supporting trim elements provide a smooth transition from the wall to the floor, guiding you seamlessly from room to room.
Door and Window: (Casing, Architraves) When walking into a home, one of the first things people notice are the doors and windows. Give them a “perfect view” with the use of great moulding and trim elements. Focal areas like entryways can establish the foundation for the overall style and decor of the entire home.
General Purpose: (Corner Moulding, Lattice, Screen Bead) From adding function to an entryway to updating an office with much-needed shelving, moulding and trim make DIY projects easy. Using additional moulding and trim elements can create a customized look and feel.
For additional moulding uses, see Designing with Millwork
You can create your own style by layering moulding products together to achieve a look that is all your own.
For moulding build-up ideas, see How Do I Combine Moulding?
These products provide a decorative and functional accent. Moulding can be installed with square cuts by simply “butting” the square end of the moulding to the side of the block or rosette.
Moulding comes in a variety of species and densities. Understanding the material differences and selecting the right one for your project is a key step in a successful installation and end result.
This chart is a handy reference to the most common wood substrates available, and has details to help you choose the right substrate to meet the demands of the project and the budget.
|Materials||Wood fibers and resin||Pine, Poplar||Pine, Fir, Hemlock, Alder, Poplar||Oak, Maple, Cherry, Mahogany, Walnut|
|Best Finishes||Painted||Painted||Clear, Stained, or Painted||Clear or Stained|
|Installation||Similar to solid wood but produces more sawdust||Same as softwoods||Can be cut with hand tools||Difficult to cut with hand tools; requires pre-drilling before hand nailing|
|Economical||Economical to moderate||Moderate||
|Pros||Long, consistent lengths of trim available||Environmentally friendly; smaller lengths jointed together to eliminate waste||
Allows for stainable product at a moderate price
|Crisp edges can be milled into hardwoods|
|Cons||Moulded edges must be softened to avoid flaking||May require some sanding before painting
||More susceptible to denting when used in high-traffic areas||Can be restrictions in trim lengths and widths|
In addition to a large variety of moulding to fit your style and budget, Lowe’s has all the tools, paint and additional accessories you need to successfully transform your space:
For painting or staining moulding, you'll need:
For more tips and instructions, see Install Decorative Moulding.
While your choice of moulding style is a personal one, the size of the room and the height of the ceiling in the room play an important role in making moulding decisions. Lowe’s suggests you consider the following recommendations as a minimum size range to use based in particular to ceiling height.
|Ceiling Height||Crown Size||Casing Size||Base Size|
|8 – 9 ft.||3-1/4-in. to 4-1/4-in.||2-1/4-in. to 3-1/4-in.||3-1/4-in. to 4-1/4-in.|
|9 – 11 ft.||4-1/4-in. to 5-1/4-in.||2-1/4-in. to 3-1/4-in.||4-1/4-in. to 5-1/4-in.|
|11 – 12 ft.||4-5/8-in. or more||3-1/4-in. or more||5-1/4-in. or more|
|12 ft. or more||7-in. or more||3-1/4-in. or more||7-1/4-in. or more