When selecting wood glue, your biggest concern is making sure project pieces stay stuck together, but there are other things to consider: open time (the interval between applying the glue and fitting the parts together), temperature sensitivity, bonding of dissimilar materials and potential interference with finishing products.
Lowe’s carries Titebond adhesives that are specifically formulated to provide just the right properties for your project and working conditions. Most have a shelf life of 12 months, bond at temperatures of about 50º Fahrenheit or higher, and can set in less than an hour on their way to a full cure overnight. Here’s a look at the basic lineup.
This industry standard is an aliphatic resin adhesive, sometimes simply called “yellow glue.” It’s a harder-working cousin of the common white craft glue (polyvinyl acetate, or PVA) mostly used for kids’ projects. Intended for indoor applications, Titebond Original has an open time of 5 to 15 minutes (depending on conditions) as well as good initial tack and resistance to creep, a slow shifting that can occur after clamping pressure is applied. This glue is designed for use with wood, wood composites, leather, cloth and other porous materials. It has only moderate water resistance and is not intended for exterior use.
Available in both regular and dark versions (to keep glue lines inconspicuous), this PVA glue is designed for exterior use on projects such as garden furniture. It meets the Type II water-resistance specifications set by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), which tests holding ability through repeated wetting and drying cycles. This glue is not intended for projects that will be continuously submerged, such as boats.
This newest Titebond formulation is a unique one-part glue that cleans up with water, and it earned a Type I water-resistance rating from ANSI. This makes it capable of withstanding extreme weather conditions and repeated cycles of wetting and drying, although it is not rated for continuous submersion or structural-grade bonds. (Those uses typically require two-part industrial adhesives such as epoxy or phenol-resorcinol glues.)
This special-purpose adhesive is thick enough to prevent running, a useful trait when installing trimwork that will be held up at odd angles. Open time is a brief 3 to 5 minutes, and the glue is fast setting to allow installation to proceed efficiently. It is designed for interior use only.